Serious eye conditions are more common as you get older. Some of these conditions can begin without any symptoms. Eye diseases like glaucoma can damage your sight without you even knowing. This is why regular eye tests are very important.
A cataract occurs when the lens inside your eye becomes cloudy. This is very common as you get older. Cataracts usually develop slowly and are not painful. Vision gradually becomes blurred. You may experience more glare in sunlight and white objects may have a more yellowish appearance.
If you vision deteriorates, a simple operation to remove the cataract and replace it with a plastic implant lens can restore your sight.
Glaucoma is an eye disease which affects the nerves of the retina [the seeing part inside the back of your eye], causing loss of peripheral vision. Often this is due to an increase in the amount of fluid inside the eye.
Glaucoma generally affects people over the age of 40 and it can be hereditary. Glaucoma can seriously damage your sight unless it is detected early. That’s why regular sight tests are important.
The disease can usually be treated with eye drops which you must used daily as directed by an eye specialist. Sometimes laser surgery is required.
Age-related Macular Degeneration [AMD]
AMD is the most common cause of poor eyesight in people over 65. The macula is a special part of the retina which helps you to see clearly straight ahead. Sometimes the macula can stop working properly as you get older. This causes a blurring or distortion of the central part of your vision.
AMD is not painful and doesn’t cause complete blindness as is doesn’t affect the peripheral vision. Some types of AMD can be treated with injections. Your central vision can be monitored using an Amsler Grid.
To print out an Amsler grid to test your central vision at home click here
Further information and support in relation to these eye conditions can be found here